Cascade Middle School
11212 10th Avenue SW Seattle, WA 98146

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11212 10th Avenue SW Seattle, WA 98146

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Writing a Bibliography

Online bibliography-Generating Tool

General Guidelines for Writing an MLA Format Bibliography

  • Look on the title page and the copyright page for the information you need.
  • If there is more than one place of publication, choose the first place listed, even if it's a city that's further away.
  • If there is no author, leave it blank.
  • If there is no place, write "N.p."
  • If there is no publisher, write "N.p."
  • If there is no date, write "N.d."
  • If there is more than one copyright date, choose the most recent.
  • Your bibliography pages should be double-spaced.
  • Alphabetize your list by the last name of the author/editor. If there is no author, alphabetize that one by the title of the article or book.


Basic format Author. Title of Book. Place of publication: Publisher, Year.
Examples Bright, Michael. Eagles. New York: Gloucester, 1990.

Simon, Seymour. Big Cats. New York: HarperCollins, 1991.


Basic format Author. “Title of Article.” Title of Magazine Date: Pages.
Examples “Alligators.” Zoobooks Sept. 1995.

Eliot, John L. “Polar Bears.” National Geographic Feb. 2004: 30-47.

Note: If you are using the entire magazine, you do not have to give the pages.

General Encyclopedias (e.g. World Book)

Basic format “Title of Entry/Article.” Title of Encyclopedia. Year.
Examples “Cats.” World Book Encyclopedia. 2003.

"Snakes.” Encyclopedia Britannica. 1994.

Other Reference Books

Basic format Author. “Title of Article.” Title of Book. Volume, number. Year. Pages.
Examples “Flat-headed Cat.” Endangered Wildlife of the World. Vol. 2. 1993. 172.

"J. K. Rowling." Authors and Artists for Young Adults. Vol. 34. Detroit: Gale, 2000. 177-182.

Winks, Robin W. "Agatha Christie." British Writers. Sup. II. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1992. 83-87.

Web Pages


Basic format Author. “Title of Page.” Title of Web Site. Publisher. Date published. URL.

“Cheetah.” Cats Mild to Wild. Natural History Museum, Los Angeles. N.d.

Cosmos, Rebecca Ann. “Gorilla Gorilla.” Animal Diversity Web. University of Michigan. 2008.

“Sharks.” Natural History Notebooks. The Canadian Museum of Nature. 28 Apr. 2015.

“This Day in History: December 7.” History. A&E Television Networks. 7 Dec. 2018.

Remember, if there is no copyright or modification date, write "N.d."